Hot Seat #191: A Pain in the NeckPosted on: May 23, 2022, by : Brian Lee
Case by: Jessica Hippolyte, MD, MPH
You are carrying THE phone when you get a call from EMS regarding destination decision. They are on scene with a 7 year-old who was a restrained backseat passenger who was involved in a front end MVC. Unclear speed of oncoming vehicle (patient’s vehicle was going ~15mph). Patient was ambulatory at scene, but is currently complaining of neck pain with an associated linear ecchymosis where his seatbelt was fastened.
In a conversation with you, EMS and local hospital, the decision was made to bring the child to a pediatric trauma center.
HPI: 7-year-old male with asthma who presents to the ER following a motor vehicle collision that occurred 2 hours prior to arrival. Patient was a restrained backseat passenger with no loss of consciousness and no head injury. The collision resulted in airbag deployment, but no major injuries reported at the scene for any other passengers. The vehicle speed was unclear but thought to be around 10-15mph. Patient reports being ambulatory at the scene. He presents to the ER with anterior neck pain around the area where the seat belt laid on his neck.
Immunizations: up to date
Vitals: T-36.8, HR-94, RR–20, BP 118/68, SpO2 99% on RA
General: Alert. NAD. appropriate for age
Skin: Warm. No rash. Shallow abrasion and erythema over right anterior neck, no bruising
Head: Normocephalic. atraumatic.
Neck: Immobilized in rigid collar; trachea midline, no swelling, no hematoma, no crepitus. + anterior neck pain with associated eccymosis, worse to palpation (see picture below).
Eye: PERRL, EOMI. Normal conjunctive.
ENT: Facial bones intact. No oral trauma
CV: Regular rate and rhythm. Normal S1/2. No murmur. Normal peripheral perfusion. Extremity pulses equal.
Resp: Lungs are clear to auscultation. Respirations are non-labored. Breath sounds are equal. Symmetrical chest wall expansion.
Chest wall: No crepitus, + b/l clavicular pain with no deformity
Back: Nontender. Normal range of motion.
Musculoskeletal: Normal ROM. No deformity. Moves all extremities.
Gastrointestinal: Soft. Nontender. Non distended. No bruising
Neurological: GCS 15, alert with no focal neurologic deficits, Cranial nerves II – XII: intact. 5/5 motor strength upper and lower extremities bilaterally, intact sensation
Patient receives Tylenol for pain control. Workup notable for normal bilateral clavicle radiographs. Basic trauma labs (UA, Hemoglobin, AST/ALT) unremarkable. Vitals remain stable (HR 90, RR 18, BP 111/74).
On exam to clear c-spine: denies pain with palpation over each cervical vertebrae, full ROM of neck (side to side, up/down). Endorses anterior neck pain, worse to palpation.
Image Credit: Desai NK et al. “Screening CT Angiography for Pediatric Blunt Cerebrovascular
Injury with Emphasis on the Cervical ‘Seatbelt Sign.’” American Journal of Neuroradiology. 2014; 1836-1840.
The information in these cases has been changed to protect patient identity and confidentiality. The images are are only provided for educational purposes and members agree not to download them, share them, or otherwise use them for any other purpose.